Published on 1 May 2013
Bolivia’s President Evo Morales announced Wednesday the expulsion of USAID from his country, accusing the US development agency of meddling in the country’s internal affairs. teleSUR
Expulsión de Usaid apunta a concretar seguridad del Estado
El presidente Evo Morales anuncia la expulsión de USAID (F/F. Zarco)
La Paz, 2 may (ABI).- El presidente Evo Morales dijo el jueves que su decisión de expulsar a la agencia de cooperación internacional de Estados Unidos (Usaid, por sus siglas en inglés), anunciada la víspera en La Paz, es una “cuestión soberanía” y por la “seguridad del Estado”.
“Cuestión de soberanía, de seguridad para el Estado” afirmó el mandatario boliviano en declaraciones a la ABI, un día después de pedir que Usaid líe sus petates.
Morales acusó a Usaid de injerencia en asuntos de política interior y pidió su retiro del país andino amazónico, 44 meses después de echar por la misma razón y conspiración al embajador de Washington en La Paz, Philip Golberg, y a la agencia antinarcóticos de EEUU.
Agencias del tipo de Usaid “conspiran contra gobiernos y presidentes antiimperialistas”, sostuvo el mandatario boliviano.
Desde 2009 Bolivia y EEUU sobrellevan una relación bilateral a nivel de encargados de negocios, mientras perfilan un acuerdo marco para la regulación de sus vínculos diplomáticos.
Usaid aterrizó en 1964 en Bolivia, durante el tercer gobierno de Víctor Paz Estenssoro y terminó de radicarse en la dictadura militar del general René Barrientos (1964-69).
La Agencia estadounidense argumentó este jueves que en casi 50 años invirtió en Bolivia 2.000 millones de dólares.
En conferencia de prensa dictada en el Palacio Quemado, la ministra de Comunicación, Amanda Dávila, repuso que Usaid no rindió asiento contable ni reporte alguno de sus acciones discrecionales en el país y que la mayor parte de sus finanzas fueron orientadas al pago de salarios de sus asesores y gastos administrativos.
La Casa Blanca lamentó la expulsión de su Agencia.
Bolivia Expels USAID: Not Why, but Why Not Sooner?
Jake Johnston and Stephan Lefebvre, CEPR
The Americas Blog
At a speech celebrating May Day in Bolivia today, President Evo Morales announced the expulsion of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) from the country. According to the AP, Morales stated:”The United States does not lack institutions that continue to conspire, and that’s why I am using this gathering to announce that we have decided to expel USAID from Bolivia.”The role of USAID in Bolivia has been a primary point of contention between the U.S. and Bolivia dating back to at least 2006. State Department spokesperson Patrick Ventrell characterized Morales’ statement as “baseless allegations.” While State Department spokespeople and many commentators will characterize USAID’s work with oppositional groups as appropriate, a look at the agency’s work over the past decade paints a very different picture.Documents obtained by investigative journalist Jeremy Bigwood show that as early as 2002, USAID funded a “Political Party Reform Project,” which sought to “serve as a counterweight to the radical MAS [Morales’ political party] or its successors.” Later USAID began a program “to provide support to fledgling regional governments,” some of which were pushing for regional autonomy and were involved in the September 2008 destabilization campaign that left some 20 indigenous Bolivians dead. Meanwhile, the U.S. has continually refused to disclose the recipients of aid funds. As a recent CEPR report on USAID activities in Haiti concluded, U.S. aid often goes into a “black box” where it becomes impossible to determine who the ultimate recipients actually are.Some of these USAID programs were implemented by the Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI) from the period 2004-2007. A document obtained by CEPR through a Freedom of Information Act request, reveals the role OTI plays in U.S. foreign policy. The document notes that OTI “seeks to focus its resources where they will have the greatest impact on U.S. diplomatic and security interests,” adding that “OTI cannot create a transition or impose democracy, but it can identify and support key individuals and groups who are committed to peaceful, participatory reform. In short, OTI acts as a catalyst for change where there is sufficient indigenous political will.” It was through OTI that USAID was funding regional governments prior to the September 2008 events.While USAID has since closed the OTI office in Bolivia, and overall funding levels have been greatly reduced, USAID has still channeled at least $200 million into the country since 2009.
Wikileaks cables reveal that the U.S. has long taken an adversarial approach to the Morales government, while even acknowledging the clandestine and oppositional nature of U.S. aid.In one cable written by Ambassador Greenlee from January 2006, just months after Morales’ election, he notes that “U.S. assistance, the largest of any bilateral donor by a factor of three, is often hidden by our use of third parties to dispense aid with U.S. funds.” In the same cable, Greenlee acknowledges that “[m]any USAID-administered economic programs run counter to the direction the GOB [Government of Bolivia] wishes to move the country.”The cable goes on to outline a “carrot and sticks” approach to the new Bolivian government, outlining possible actions to be taken to pressure the government to take “positive policy actions.” Three areas where the U.S. would focus were on coca policy, the nationalization of hydrocarbons (which “would have a negative impact on U.S. investors”) and the forming of the constituent assembly to write a new constitution. Possible sticks included; using veto authority within the Inter-American Development Bank to oppose loans to Bolivia, postponing debt cancellation and threatening to suspend trade benefits.Another cable, also written by Greenlee, reporting on a meeting between U.S. officials and the Morales government notes that the Ambassador stated in the meeting, “When you think of the IDB, you should think of the U.S….This is not blackmail, it is simple reality.”Later cables, as reported by Green Left Weekly, show the U.S. role in fomenting dissent within indigenous groups and other social movements.
Not Why, But Why Not Sooner
The AP spoke with Kathryn Ledebur of the Andean Information Network, reporting that she “was not surprised by the expulsion itself but by the fact that Morales took so long to do it after repeated threats.” Given the amount of evidence in declassified documents that point to U.S. aid funds going to opposition groups and being used to bolster opposition to the Morales government, the expulsion indeed comes as little surprise. Further, as evidence continues to mount of the role of USAID in undermining governments, governments from across the region have become more openly critical of the U.S. aid agency.As Brazilian investigative journalist Natalia Viana recently detailed in The Nation, USAID was funding groups in Paraguay that would eventually be involved in the ouster of President Lugo. Viana writes that through USAID’s largest program in Paraguay, they would end up supporting “some of the very institutions that would play a central role in impeaching Lugo six years later, including not just the police force but the Public Ministry and the Supreme Court.”Additionally, the role of USAID in funding opposition groups in Venezuela has been well documented. A recently released Wikileaks cable reveals the U.S. government’s five point strategy for Venezuela, which the cable makes clear USAID worked to implement. The goals were; “1) Strengthening Democratic Institutions, 2) Penetrating Chavez’ Political Base, 3) Dividing Chavismo, 4) Protecting Vital US business, and 5) Isolating Chavez internationally.”Last June, immediately following the Paraguay coup, the ALBA group of countries (of which Bolivia is a member) signed a declaration requesting that “the heads of state and the government of the states who are members of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America, immediately expel USAID and its delegates or representatives from their countries, due to the fact that we consider their presence and actions to constitute an interference which threatens the sovereignty and stability of our nations.”At the time, President Correa of Ecuador stated that he was writing up new rules for USAID engagement in the country and that “If they don’t want to follow them, then ‘So long.’” While Bolivia may be the first of these countries to actually expel USAID, the question may not be why Bolivia is doing this, but rather why didn’t Bolivia do this sooner?
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“…there has been a string of rather mysterious cancer cases among acting left-wing anti-US Latin American leaders during the last 3-4 years. The lethal list already includes nine leaders by now:
1. Raul Alfonsin, the President of Argentina, died of cancer in 2009;
2. Nestor Kirchner, the President of Argentina, died of large intestine cancer in 2010;
3. Cristina Kirchner, incumbent President of Argentina, the late President’s widow, fell ill of thyroid gland cancer in 2011;
4. Ollanta Humala, late President of Peru, died of rectal cancer in 2011;
5. Hugo Chavez, late President of Venezuela, died of prostate cancer in 2011;
6. Lula da Silva, ex-President of Brazil, fell ill of laryngeal cancer in 2011;
7. Dilma Rousseff, the President of Brazil, fell ill of lymphatic cancer in 2009;
8. Fernando Lugo, ex-President of Paraguay, fell ill of lymphatic cancer in 2010;
9. Evo Morales, the President of Bolivia, had a cancerous tumor in his nose (2009).”